Neuroscience is the inter/multi-disciplinary process of working out the details of how the brain produces the mind, personhood, and even what we call “human nature."
We will briefly survey Christian monism, the view that humans are made up of physical matter and do not consist of an additional substance/essence or non-material life force/principle, traditionally referred to as the “soul.”
For Christians down through history and until the 20th century, some form of dualism has been the traditional and predominant view.
A great debate over the body-soul connection has captivated Christian and secular scholars alike for several centuries. The specific issue revolves around whether body and soul exist independently of one another (dualism), or whether the soul is a “product” of body (specifically brain) function (monism).
When I was in seminary, I was told that every passage of Scripture could point to baptism or communion. Any text could and should move the congregation towards one of these two sacraments.
God is God and we are not. Only God has perfect knowledge. We are limited to what we can fully know.