An A-Z index of all the fancy words used on this site.

2 Corinthians 3:18

And we all, who with unveiled faces contemplate the Lord’s glory, are being transformed into his image with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit. Read more

better angels

Morally upright or otherwise positive attributes of character. Read more

Bob Jones University v. United States (1983)

In 1970, the IRS decided that it would no longer grant tax-exempt status to private schools that practiced racial discrimination under the theory that this sort of discrimination failed to be “charitable” within the bounds defined in the Internal Revenue Code sections 170 (allowing deductions for contributions to nonprofits) and… Read more


a process of reasoning that seeks to resolve moral problems by extracting or extending theoretical rules from a particular case, and reapplying those rules to new instances. This method occurs in applied ethics and jurisprudence. Read more


Complementarianism is a theological view held by some in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, that men and women have different but complementary roles and responsibilities in marriage, family life, religious leadership, and elsewhere. The word “complementary” and its cognates are currently used to denote this view. For some of those whose… Read more


Concordist approaches see events in Scripture as referring to real events, even if some freedom of interpretation is allowed. Non-concordist approaches see these passages as using phenomenological language or as teaching theological lessons without referring to actual events. Read more

Deuteronomy 26:12-13

12 When you have finished setting aside a tenth of all your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, you shall give it to the Levite, the foreigner, the fatherless and the widow, so that they may eat in your towns and be satisfied. 13 Then say… Read more


Egalitarianism is a philosophical perspective that emphasizes equality and equal treatment across gender, religion, economic status and political beliefs. Read more

Employment Division v. Smith (1990)

This case involves Alfred Smith and Galen Black, two members of the Native American Church in Oregon. These two men also happened to work as counselors at a private drug rehabilitation clinic in that state. Perhaps unsurprisingly, the two men were fired after a drug test showed that they had… Read more


one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family Read more


Federalism is the concept that central power is the contractual result of the authorization of independent sovereigns (states) along with the people generally, creating a government where power is partially diffused, and individuals are governed by two, independent-but-related political units, namely the states and the federal government. Read more

genetic systems

The set of genes necessary for a “life process” such as the digestion of cellulose for cows. These genes may be located across more than one organism. Read more

Great Commission

The Great Commission is the instruction of the resurrected Jesus Christ to his disciples that they spread his teachings to all the nations of the world. It has become a tenet in Christian theology emphasizing ministry, missionary work, evangelism, and baptism. Matthew 28:18–20 is the most familiar version of these… Read more


Hamartiology (from Greek: ἁμαρτία, hamartia, “missing the mark, error” and -λογια, –logia, “study”), a branch of Christian theology, is the study of sin. Read more


aiming or aimed at peace. a part of Christian theology concerned with reconciling different denominations and sects. Read more


a missing portion in a book or manuscript. Read more


an unfilled space or interval; a gap Read more

Lee v. Weisman (1992)

Robert E. Lee (not that one), a middle school principal in Providence, Rhode Island, invited a rabbi to provide a benedictory prayer at the school’s graduation. Worried about the appearance of a state-run school promoting a specific religion, the principal gave instructions to the rabbi that the prayer be nonsectarian… Read more


A member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi, especially of that part of it that provided assistants to the priests in the worship in the Jewish temple. Read more

Leviticus 27:30-33

30 “‘A tithe of everything from the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, belongs to the Lord; it is holy to the Lord. 31 Whoever would redeem any of their tithe must add a fifth of the value to it. 32 Every tithe of the… Read more


the place where something is situated; a center of activity, attention, or concentration Read more

Loving v. Virginia (1967)

Loving v. Virginia was a challenge to the State of Virginia’s statute banning marriage between Caucasians and “people of color.” At the time, Virginia was one of 16 states that prohibited interracial marriage, and the penalty for a prohibited marriage, beyond it being voided by the state, was a felony… Read more

Matthew 25:31-46

1 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.… Read more

Matthew 6:1-4

“Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. 2 “So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues… Read more


a person of combined European and Indigenous American descent, regardless of where the person was born Read more


The demographic cohort following Generation X. Although there is no exact date when the generation starts and ends, researchers and commentators target the 1980’s to the early 2000’s birth years for this generation also known as Generation Y. Read more

modal aspects

The fifteen aspects, also known as modal aspects, are distinct ways (for example, numerically or spatially) that creatures relate to other creatures within the fabric of creation. This way of explaining creation as a web of ways of relating and not just as a collection of different kinds of things was first worked out by Herman Dooyeweerd,… Read more

Nicene Creed

The Nicene Creed is the profession of faith or creed that is most widely used in Christian liturgy. Read more

Numbers 18:21-28

21 “I give to the Levites all the tithes in Israel as their inheritance in return for the work they do while serving at the tent of meeting. 22 From now on the Israelites must not go near the tent of meeting, or they will bear the consequences of their… Read more


Originalist or originalism is the idea that the scope of current rights and powers of the government are tied to the grants of rights and powers intended by the Framers of the Constitution. Read more


the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Read more

Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992)

In the years since Roe v. Wade was decided, there were numerous cases trying to specifically delineate what types of regulation of abortion procedures were permissible and which were not. At the same time, reexamination of the reasoning of Roe against strong public reaction was revealing some of the weaknesses… Read more


the theology of or relating to the period after the fall of Adam and Eve. Read more


As a doctrine in Christian theology, predestination refers to the divine foreordaining of all that will happen, especially with regard to the salvation of some and not others. It has been particularly associated with the teachings of St. Augustine of Hippo and of Calvin. Read more


a system of politics or principles based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations. Read more


The Hebrew word meaning peace, harmony, and completeness. It is often used to indicate the harmonious condition of creation, in which all creatures flourish and live fully as God intends them to live. The full realization of shalom will not occur until after Christ’s second coming, but we get some… Read more

sphere sovereignty

The notion that different parts of creation, especially different social institutions, have legitimately different rules, tasks, and duties, given them by God for the proper functioning of the world. Read more


SpokenWord involves performance-based poetry that focuses on the aesthetics of word play and story-telling. It often includes collaboration and experimentation with other art forms such as music, theater, and dance. There is no mandatory manner in which to perform spoken word, however, certain aspects of the artistry indicate that it… Read more


The letters T-U-L-I-P have been used since the early 20th century as a popular mnemonic device for the “five points of Calvinism” or “doctrines of grace” in Reformed theology. Each letter stands for one of these doctrines: Total Depravity (Also known as “Total Inability” and “Original Sin”) Unconditional Election Limited… Read more

white privilege

White privilege (or white skin privilege) is a term for societal privileges, existing in predominantly white societies, that benefit white people beyond what is commonly experienced by non-white people in the same social, political, or economic circumstances. Peggy McIntosh defines white privilege as “an invisible package of unearned assets, which… Read more